Ecotourism in Egypt and the most important nature reserves in Egypt

Ecotourism in Egypt is one of the main types of tourism, as it is associated with natural areas and places that many people enjoy, see and learn from, without touching, spoiling or negatively impacting them and their species. Unbalanced ecological balance as countries in different parts of the world are encouraged to see natural areas.

tourism in Egypt

There are many factors that try to support the presence of ecotourism in Egypt because there are some areas that can be applied to ecotourism in Egypt, such as the Red Sea, Siwa Oasis and Fayoum Oasis.

Fayoum oases enjoy eco-tourism due to the presence of these three desert, coastal and agricultural environments, which makes it a strong tourist destination for the implementation of this tourism model.

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The most important places for ecotourism

There are many nature reserves in Egypt, such as:

Wadi El Rayan Reserve

The Wadi El Rayan Reserve is located in the Fayoum province and is considered a desert area with an upper lake and a lower lake connected by waterfalls. There is an area known as Wadi Al-Hitan, which contains many structures of marine organisms that existed in the past, as well as rare plants and sulfur springs, which are also used in medical tourism in Egypt.

Abu Gallum Reserve

The Abu Gallum Reserve is located in the South Sinai province, and since this reserve contains a group of mountains and valleys, it includes various marine creatures and coral reefs in addition to rare plant species and many species of birds and wildlife.

Elba Mountain Reserve

The Jebel Elba Reserve is one of the largest and most important natural reserves in Egypt, as it contains natural and human archaeological resources dating back to ancient times. It is inhabited by some local tribes. It is a geologically diverse area and contains many plants and coral reefs. There are numerous mineral springs as well as wells and sources of drinking water.

Reserve Nabq

Nabq Reserve is located north of Sharm El-Sheikh and is known for being one of the most beautiful beaches in Egypt, where you can practice diving and swimming, and includes many different coral reefs and many colorful fish. One of the most famous plants in this reserve is the mangrove.

Lake Qarun Reserve

Lake Karun, located near the Wadi El Rayan Reserve in Fayoum Governorate, is known as the oldest natural lake in the world, it is home to a large number of different fish, reptiles and amphibians, and many birds migrate to it in winter, which is one of the things which increases its value even more. In short Egypt is the presence of many excavations surrounded by a group of ancient archaeological sites dating back forty million years and dating back to ancient times such as the Pharaonic and Roman eras.

St. Catherine’s Reserve

To the south of the Sinai Peninsula is the Saint Catherine Reserve, and one of the most important features of this surrounding area is the presence of many high mountain peaks that are considered the highest mountain peaks in Egypt, where many tourists and Egyptians practice the climbing hobby, and some. Wild animals and rare plants.

Protection zone Taba

On the border between Egypt and Palestine is Taba Reserve, which is one of the most beautiful beaches in Egypt, because there are many beautiful tourist attractions, because many tourists go to Egypt to see them, and Taba Reserve also includes many rare and endangered animals and coral reefs . Different.

Ras Mohammed Reserve

This reserve is located in the south of the Sinai Peninsula, where most of the activities that can be done in the Ras Mohammed reserve are diving or swimming, and there are also numerous coral beaches, colorful fish, reptiles and some endangered species.

reserve dean

The Al-Ameed Reserve is located west of the city of Alexandria, and contains some predators, birds, insect and reptile species, and the lands of this reserve are fertile and grow many rare plant species, some of which are used for medicinal purposes.

Tourist activities in Egypt


Many tourists visit Egypt through ecotourism, and among the most important and best places suitable for diving are Ras Abu Gallum, Ras Muhammad Reserve, Giftun Island and Nabq Reserve.


One of the most important eco-tourism activities is safari tourism, and Egypt has many places that are a source of attraction for tourists to enjoy fun safari trips, and among the most beautiful places for safari trips are the Sinai Peninsula, the Red Sea, Siwa Oasis and the Gulf, especially on to the south. Great.

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Mountain climbing

Today, there are thousands of professional climbers in the world, in addition to the presence of thousands of amateur climbers who have experienced these interesting adventures to climb one of the most famous peaks in the world, such as the peaks of the Himalayas or the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro or the Alps and other mountain ranges and high altitudes around the world. Climbers reach these peaks with their own energy, which does not cause pollution.

Fishing on land or sea

The adoption of legal and ecological conditions that ensure that there is no imbalance in the balance of the environment without harming endangered species.

Hiking in the rainforest

For example: going to the depths of the Amazon rainforest, known as the world’s virginity, and these visits include the observation of unique species in these forests, and not only in the Amazon forests, there are many forests where you can search for beautiful wild animals.

Participate in international environmental events or local country-specific events to highlight various environmental issues, such as World Earth Day or any environmental march aimed at dealing with a specific threat surrounding a species, nature reserve, forest or others.

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Advantages of ecotourism

  • The greatest offer of ecotourism is the reduction of pressure on the ecosystems of tourist destinations, including the continuation of natural resources that seek to preserve the cultural and cultural heritage of the local population.
  • By protecting the human and democratic morals of people, employment opportunities for rural residents, especially unskilled workers, which you can see in the constant transport of tourists and their luggage from tourist areas, increases.
  • At the same time, it encourages the development of these places in a way that helps preserve the beautiful rural areas, and encourages the Egyptian government to establish large tourism capacities, because ecotourism does not depend on large and luxurious hotels, but on simplicity, small resorts and small hotels, which means the distribution of income from tourism to the mountains. prohibitions. Larger than the population and not monopolized by big investors.

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