How is the gold zakat estimated?

Zakat on gold bought for decoration That is the question that many of those who have gold, may God bless them with it, have. Which makes it known Zakat on gold bought for decoration important things.

And it was received by Dar Al Iftaa question related to zakat on gold bought for decoration, And Dar Al-Iftaa answered it through its official website, so that everyone knows how much zakat is on gold bought for decoration.

Zakat on gold bought for decoration

He asked, saying: A married woman owns 120 grams of gold, which her husband gave her as a gift in September 1970 after the Hijra, and on which no zakat has been paid so far, and the question is: Does this amount belong to zakat. ? And how to account for the past ten years, knowing that the husband does not see the need to pay this zakat, and the wife wants to implement God’s law, and in the event that zakat is obligatory and the husband does not agree to its performance, then if the wife takes it without of her husband’s knowledge from her money, is she disobedient to her husband? And the questioner says in his request: Noting that she does not wear this gold, but it is kept in her house. And he asked for a declaration of a legal judgment about it.

Dar Al-Iftaa answered the questioner saying: The Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family, says: “Deeds are only according to intentions, and everyone has what he intended.” Narrated Al-Bukhari, and accordingly: If the said wife took this gold as an ornament for herself, or intended to do so, then she does not have to pay zakat on it even if she does not always wear it, as long as it is within the limits of its social value . according to custom and custom, and if her intention deviated from using it as an ornament for her, then zakat must be paid since her intention deviated from it by a quarter of a tenth for every year of saving, and the woman in this case is responsible for giving his zakat, and she is not considered disobedient to her husband by giving him zakat when it is obligatory; Because she is legally responsible for God’s obligations, and because a woman has her own financial responsibility in Islam.

And the Egyptian Dar Al Iftaa added: The people who know Islamic law did not differ in that it is forbidden to use and take from gold and silver, zakat must be paid when a quorum is reached for any of them, such as utensils are taken. of gold, silver and statues, and the quorum here is taken into account by weight.

In addition, what people take as jewelry, except for silver seals, zakat must also be given when its value reaches the nisab, such as antiques and prohibited dishes.

The nisab for gold is 85 grams, and the nisab for silver is 595 grams.

As for women’s jewelry made of gold and silver, there is no valid text regarding the fact that zakat is obligatory on this jewelry or not. Hadiths were mentioned in this place, and the words of the jurists differed in their validity and in their significance, so that they were there are two teams in the sentence:

One of them: He said that zakat is obligatory on women’s jewelry made of gold and silver, and from this group are Imam Abu Hanifa and his companions, Al-Ewza’i, At-Sewri, Ata’, Mujahid and Ibn Shubruma – ” El -Muhalla” by Ibn Hazm (6/ 75:78), and “Al-Mugni” by Ibn Qudama (2/ 506, 606)-, and they provided their evidence for this saying, transmitted effects, some of which were not without an article.

And the second team: They said that zakat is not obligatory on women’s jewelry, gold or silver, and among those who say this are the two Imams Malik and Ahmed, and this is the most prominent of the two sayings of Imam Shafi’i. Al-Majmoo’ by al-Nawawi (6/32 ff), al-Muwatta’ (1/250), al-Amwal by Abu Ubayd (443), al-Umm by al-Shafi’i (2/41) , and Fath al-Bari (3). / 210-211), and “Al-Mughni” by Ibn Qudama (2/ 605).

Comparing the evidence of these two groups, we see that the statement of the majority of those who say that it is not necessarily stronger, and its evidence is more suitable for acceptance – “Ahkam Al-Qur’an” by Ibn Al-Arebi (2/919, Isa Al-Halabi) , “Al-Amwal” by Abu Ubaid (442: 446), and “Sharh Al-Tirmizi” by Ibn al-Arabi (3/131), and al-Mizan by al- Dhahabi (3/282) In the status of dinars and dirhems accumulated, such as this must be purified; Narrated by Said bin Al-Museijib: “If jewelry is worn and used, there is no zakat on it, and if it is not worn and not used, then zakat is due on it.” Jewelry to escape from zakat, zakat is not waived.

Since this was the case, and the net given to this lady was intended to be used according to origin and custom in its amount without extravagance, no zakat was payable on it. Because it is undeveloped money, and it is an ornament for her, so it has become like her clothes and her belongings, and that is what zakat is not obligatory. A quarter of the tithe is 2.5% every year, and the value can be taken out; In the sense that its price is estimated at the current price of gold and a quarter of a tenth of the price is 2.5%; Because it follows from the question that the weight is 120 grams, which thus exceeds the nisab of 85 grams according to the jurisprudence texts of the school of Imam Abu Hanifa.

The wife is responsible for giving zakat on his behalf, and she is not considered disobedient to her husband if she takes zakat on her behalf when it is due. Because she is legally charged with duties by God, and because a woman has her financial responsibility in Islam, and “deeds are only according to intentions, and everyone has what he intended”, as stated in a noble hadith. Narrated by Al-Bukhari.

If the intention of this wife deviated from using the net which is responsible for her as an ornament for her, then zakat must be given on her since her intention deviated from it, and if she took it as an ornament or intended it, then she has no zakat upon it as long as it is within the limits of its social value according to custom and custom.

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