“Be careful not to hit your wife.” This is how Islamic law forbids domestic violence
Islamic law called for the preservation of women’s rights, and forbade insulting and abusing women, including their exposure to domestic violence, which was a husband’s beating of his wife under the pretext of correcting her and fixing her affairs.
In response to a question, Dar Al-Iftaa Al-Masry clarified: “Some husbands attack their wives, claiming that this is a directive from the Sharia, so what is your response to this claim?”, that the Sharif’s Sharia warned against violence in all shapes and forms, and called for kindness in solving all life issues, and the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family, called for gentleness in all things, and among the violence that is prohibited by the Sharia. ‘a: what is called: “prisoner violence.” He did not say that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, ever beat any of his wives. He forbade the beating of women, as a practice Violence against women has nothing to do with Islam. Instead, Muslim legal sources call for mercy and love in married life and in no way call for beating and oppressing women.
Charity of ten women
وفي التفاصيل، بينت «الإفتاء» أن الإسلام أمر الزوج بإحسان عشرة زوجته، وأخبر سبحانه أن الحياة الزوجية مبناها على السكن والمودة والرحمة، فقال تعالى: ﴿وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُمْ مَوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُون } [الروم: 21]And the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family, made the criterion of charity for husbands based on their good treatment of their wives.
The Noble Shariat also called for kindness in solving all life issues, and the Prophet, peace be upon him, called for kindness in all things, and said: “Kindness is in nothing but beautifying.” that, and it is not taken away from anything except that it disfigures it.” Narrated by Muslim from the hadith of Umm al-Mu’minin. Mrs. Aisha, may God be pleased with her.
God’s Messenger is an example
And the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, never hit any of his wives. From the mother of believers, Mrs. Aisha, may God bless her, she said: “Prophet. God, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family, never let anything hit his hand, neither his wife nor his servant.” Narrated by Muslim.
As for the beatings mentioned in the saying of the Most High: [النساء: 34]However, his permissibility came in some cases in a way different from the obligatory one, and in some circles to show her husband’s displeasure and anger with her insistence on leaving her duties, in the sense that she admonished and condemned her in a way that leaves no trace of her , and there is a big difference between this kind of behavior and violence, whipping, injury or insult.
The permissibility of beating a woman is not based on her liberation
What indicates the correctness of this understanding of the verse, and that the permissibility of beating women is not absolute in all circumstances and in all times and environments: that the Prophet, peace be upon him, transmitted that he forbade beating women, saying: “Do not beat the handmaids of God.” Then Umar came, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family, he complained to the Messenger of God. him about the rebellion of women against their husbands, so the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, allowed the beating, which was in the form of a warning. Then the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, reprimanded his companions and became angry with them, and said to them: “Many women came to Muhammad’s family complaining that their husbands are not your best.” Narrated by Abu Dawud in his “Sunans”.
Accordingly: corporal punishment – called: “prison violence” – is prohibited by the Sharia, and all human beings must oppose it, and the practice of wife violence has nothing to do with Islam, but Muslim legal sources encourage mercy and affection in married life and they do not call for In any case, to beat and oppress women.
The opinion of Ibn Baz
And about how a husband beats his wife, Ibn Baz, rahimahullah, says: A husband should not resort to beatings except when it is necessary, when it is necessary, and when other means are useless, because with beatings she can change more towards him, and can offend her morals, cause her separation, and also provoke her family. Especially at this time, beating at this time causes many problems, so the husband should not rush, and should not rush with beatings except when necessary, and be safe from the consequences, safe from bad consequences.
And he adds: If beating her leads to his separation from her, and to the rise of her family against him, and to the appearance of a great problem, then beating should be avoided, and the bad morals that may arise may occur, until God hastens the situation by means of treatment, which is preaching, reminding or abandoning, then the husband should be wise, because beating leads to trouble, and it can lead to what is not necessary, and what is meant by that is modification, and what is meant by that is to withdraw her mistake.
And he concluded: The conclusion is that the beating is a concession, in which our Lord (the Exalted and Majestic) permitted discipline if the need for it arose after preaching and abandonment had been presented to him, and it is not better for him to hurry with it or be satisfied with it , or take it as a permanent treatment, no, but it is better to postpone it, and without haste, combine the texts.