Climate change.. extinction of animals and plants and reduction of reproductive abilities (shocking facts)
Climate change, the imminent danger that threatens the world, and the recent increase in carbon dioxide emissions in the Earth’s atmosphere have led to an abrupt climate change that has greatly affected the global climate.
Climate change can be natural changes that occur, for example, through changes in the solar cycle, but since the nineteenth century human activities have become the main cause of climate change, mainly due to the burning of fossil fuels such as: coal, oil and gas.
Climate change. Extinction of plants and animals
According to a UN report published on Monday, February 28, about one million species of plants and animals are threatened with extinction due to climate change, adding that 91% of deaths caused by weather events occur in developing countries.
Reaction of animals to climate change
Animals have had specific responses to climate change, either by migration or death, as migrations sometimes continue due to higher temperatures, increased soil risk, etc., and said terrain is shifting due to climate change.
Animals are affected by global warming in different forms, because some of them may become extinct due to changes in the environment that makes them unsuitable and less comfortable, and they are also affected by differences in their food and urgent pollutants, besides some of them are forced to migrate to other places. to ensure their survival and change their behavior patterns.
Endangered animals most affected by climate change
Cheetahs had to change their diet to keep up with the changes, which led to a significant reduction in their reproductive abilities.
Panda bears mainly depend on bamboo for their food and protection from the weather, but due to the significant reduction in the amount of bamboo, these animals are in real danger.
Green turtles rely on sand to lay their eggs, and the higher the temperature of that sand, the more females are produced from those eggs, which reduces the number of male green turtles and eventually disrupts their natural distribution, leading to extinction.
These huge animals have to drink large amounts of fresh water every day in order to survive, and as temperatures rise, sources of that water are threatened and reduced, and the bamboo and banana leaves that Asian elephants depend on for food are becoming increasingly rare. drought and climate change, all of which make Asian elephants endangered animals.
Ice is considered the natural environment for polar bears and the main place where they live. They also use it to hunt for their main food, which is seals. Because of the high temperatures, this ice began to gradually melt, which reduced the total area of ice that the bears would use and reduced their chances of obtaining food.
Penguins are forced to migrate during the breeding season and cannot settle due to the melting of the ice in Antarctica and the lack of krill, which is the main food for penguins, which greatly reduces their numbers.
There are many animals that have already become extinct as a result of climate change:
1- Golden toad – Bufo periglenes
2- Polar bear
3- Penguin Adele
5- Staghorn coral – Acropora cervicornis
6- Orange-spotted elephant fish – Oxymonacanthus longirostris
Reaction of plants to climate change
Climate change and agriculture are two interdependent processes, both occurring on a global scale, and climate change affects unevenly around the world.
Climate change is already affecting agriculture, and the effects are unevenly distributed around the world.
Climate change in the world negatively affects agriculture in the following way:
Impact of climate change on agricultural crops
1- Precipitation, i.e. its lack and impact on the crops that depend on it.
2- Heat waves and their impact on crops.
3- Changes in pests and diseases and their effects on crops.
4- Changes in concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide and ozone at ground level, changes in diet, quality of certain foods and changes in sea level.
5- Reducing the yield of the desired crops while encouraging the spread of weeds and pests.
These and other effects of global warming, if left unchecked, are likely to contribute to the disappearance of up to half of Earth’s plants and a third of animals from their current range by 2080. Most animals live in areas with very specific climates such as temperatures and rainfall patterns that allow them to survive. Boom, a change in the climate of an area can affect the animals that live there as well as the composition of the entire ecosystem.
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