Second marriage is the first problem of Iraqi society

Iraqi courts record an increase in the second marriage index for various reasons, as researchers confirm that second wife marriage is not a problem, but a solution in several societies, including Iraqi society that has been exposed to wars that have affected the numbers of men and women, in addition to difficult economic conditions which have driven many of them to refrain from marriage, marriage or even separation and emigration.

Earlier, the social research offices in the country’s courts released graphs of transaction statistics that “arguments for permission to remarry amounted to 1,602 arguments, and the share of the Basra Court of Appeal was 229 arguments, followed by the federal Nineveh Court of Appeal (220 arguments), and in third place is the Court of Appeals, Salah al-Din approved the second marriage with 201 arguments, and then there were other appeals.

As for the “ultimate necessity” argument, its total number was 1526 pilgrimages, of which the largest share was in Basra with 233 pilgrimages, followed by Anbar with 181 pilgrimages, followed by Nineveh with 129 pilgrimages.

The census revealed the reasons that led to the increase in the number of arguments for the permission of second marriage, which amounted to 1,602 arguments, and attributed it to several factors, including “the inability of the first wife to have children or her chronic illness that led to her negligence in performing marital duties duties or the husband’s desire for polygamy in order to improve the economic level.” for him”.

Regarding early marriage and the issuance of “last resort” arguments in the number of 1,526 arguments, the census report attributes this to “the weak economic condition of the family and the large number of its female members, as well as tribal custom that requires girls to marry at a young age or the reluctance of minors to finish his studies.”

general conditions

Lawyer Ghufran Al-Taie says: “The social problems and circumstances surrounding Iraqi families, whether they are rich or in a reasonable economic situation, as well as the health condition of some women, encourage second marriage”, noting that “this is also related to general conditions , and escalates in all time periods.” Which is considered stable for security, and in times when conditions are unstable, such as the Corona period or the periods of security instability that the country has witnessed, It is noted that the number of these arguments has decreased, but cases of second marriage have existed for hundreds of years, and religion has also legalized.

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Regarding the conditions for marrying a second wife within Iraqi law, legal expert Ali Al-Tamimi revealed that the law allowed second marriage by seeking an argument for permission by approaching a judge of the Court of Personal Status, and Iraqi law also allowed seeking an argument for permission to marry marriage, provided that the husband has the financial ability to support two wives, indicating that there must be a legitimate interest, such as the first wife being sick or sterile, and finally the discretionary power of the judge, if he fears that the husband will not be just between two wives, then the request for a second marriage is rejected.

Al-Tamimi added: “According to Iraqi law, the first wife’s consent must be obtained to accept a second marriage through a judge’s question, and the first wife is notified within a week. First.”

Reasons and indications

Feminist activist Duaa Ghazi points out that “the phenomenon of the second wife is on the rise in our Iraqi society for several reasons, including the increase in the number of widows, especially between 2003 and 2006. In addition to the emergence and spread of domestic violence against girls who accept any share in order to escaped from worse, painful reality.” .

And she continued, “The Personal Status Act of 1959 allows polygamy with the permission of a judge, and requires the financial ability of the husband, and that there be a legitimate interest in remarriage, such as the illness of the first wife in such a way as to prevent her from fulfilling her duties to the husband , or her inability to have children,” adding, “But the presence of the second wife today takes place in secret and the marriage contract in the hands of the sheikh, and most women are satisfied with that.”

Such phenomena, according to Ghazi, return society to the dark ages, apart from being a real insult to women, and proof of the scale of social injustice from which women suffer. Activists called for a protest to restore the dignity of women by maintaining sheikhs who continue to draw up marriage contracts outside of court responsibility.

For his part, Iraqi researcher Saleh Lafta believes that “second marriage has many reasons and certain circumstances, including religious reasons based on the fact that Islamic law allows polygamy, and Iraqi society, being Islamic, sees that there is no problem with this.” . , and there are other reasons, including the first wife having female children and economic reasons.” This pushes those who have good financial means to marry a second wife.”

And he continued: “Marriage to another woman is not a problem, but a solution in several societies, including Iraqi society, which has a high percentage of spinsters, divorced women and widows, as well as most Iraqi men getting married for the first time. time to choose a young girl, which means that divorced women, widows and spinsters have no hope of remarrying, and this injustice, and the solution is polygamy, which can contribute to curbing the problem of widows and divorced women and reducing the rate of marriage in Iraq.”

difficult economic conditions

Economic researcher Bassam Raad said: “Women make up slightly more than half of Iraq’s population, while their participation in the labor market is still low. Statistical surveys show that there are about 13 million women of working age, of which only one million work, and most of them are employees in the state sector.” This means that women’s contribution to economic activity and growth is negligible, which has serious macroeconomic consequences.

On the other hand, Raad argues that “improving the opportunities available to women contributes to widening the scope of economic development by increasing their enrollment rates in education, for example.”

He added: “The inability of women to develop their full potential in the labor market, the lack of job opportunities for them and the low wages paid to them have contributed to their being prisoners of a difficult economic situation, with worsening social and family problems, and with the reluctance of some young people people to marry because of economic conditions, women can accept that She is another woman because she needs family stability and wants to have support in these difficult circumstances.”

Raad believed that “work to increase the participation of women in the labor market and improve economic opportunities for them leads to an increase in the skills of the workforce, since women are characterized by higher levels of education compared to men, and by acquiring a higher income will contribute to the increase in the enrollment of girls in education , since they become educated working women.” A role model for women, thus creating a good circle in society.”

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