The Earth Awaits Salvation – Al-Ahram daily

  • 3,980 square kilometers of the Amazon rainforest were cleared in the first months of 2022
  • 20.2 million children are at risk of hunger and thirst due to the drought

  • $369 billion, the largest budget America has approved to combat climate change
  • The United Nations will allocate 3.1 billion euros for the construction of an early warning system for climate disasters

  • 12.2 of the European Union’s electricity last summer from renewable energy sources
  • The United Nations will allocate 3.1 billion euros for the construction of an early warning system for climate disasters
  • 200 million people are expected to migrate due to extreme weather events

As we say goodbye to 2022, we must remember that it has left a heavy legacy of climate crises that await an exit in 2023. Global efforts to save the planet from climate depression culminated last November in the United Nations Conference on Combating Climate Change “COP 27”. , which was hosted by the city of Sharm, Sheikh. It was characterized by broad global participation. He managed to make decisions that can be described as positive and effective steps towards saving our planet. This is in addition to the United States approving the largest budget in its history to address the escalating climate crisis, and many countries have sought to pass environmental laws.

Despite these hopeful successes, there are many practices that are still harming the planet and contributing to worsening global warming. What made matters worse was the Russo-Ukrainian war, which caused a climate backlash, with many major countries forced to revert to using coal.

In this file, we provide an overview of the positive and negative aspects of the climate issue, which is expected to be the preoccupation of humanity in the coming years.

The “scary face” of climate in 2022

Coal… a return to the shadows of war

Global coal use will peak in 2022. According to the report of the International Energy Agency, it exceeded the last record, which was recorded in 2013. When the International Energy Agency suggested that coal use would decrease by 7% in 2020, there was a glimmer of hope. To think that coal is on the way out in response to climate recommendations, given that it is the worst fossil fuel and the single largest source of carbon emissions. However, due to the Russian-Ukrainian war, European countries were forced to turn back to coal after being hit by an energy crisis, due to their dependence on natural gas deliveries from Russian pipelines. It has also led to reductions in hydro and nuclear power generation due to drought and heat waves, in addition to technical problems at French nuclear power plants.

The lungs of the earth.. destruction by human hands

Deforestation in the Amazon set new records in 2022. More than 3,980 square kilometers, an area five times the size of New York, was destroyed during the first six months of this year, according to Brazil’s National Space Institute. Then September witnessed one of its worst fires in more than a decade, as more than 42,000 fires broke out. This is the first time since 2010 that the number of fires in the Amazon exceeded 40,000 in one month. The Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that the world is losing 10 million hectares of forests per year, which heralds an ecological disaster considering that the Amazon forests alone store about 123 tons of carbon above and below the earth’s surface. Drought… the consequences are worse.

“The one who saw me once cried.. and the one who sees me now will cry.” Words that can be classified as the most cruel and terrible of the past year – which centuries before were carved on the “stones of hunger” on the waterways of the rivers flowing from the Czech Republic to Germany, as revealed by the droughts in Europe last summer, which were ranked as the worst in Europe in 500 years. The American West also witnessed the most severe drought conditions in approximately 1,200 years. As for the worst, what the UNICEF report warns is that the wave of drought that has hit the Horn of Africa during the last five months of the year is the worst. As many as 20.2 million children are at risk of hunger and thirst, compared to 10 million children at the end of last July Climate migration…a curse that continues

The reasons for migration are no longer limited to escaping wars and conflicts, but the climate is fiercely competing with them, as climate disasters force millions to leave their homes, and the numbers even increase year by year. The number of migrants due to climate change will reach 100 million in 2022. This means that climate disasters have displaced many more people than conflicts. Floods this year have displaced 33 million people in Pakistan alone, while millions more have been affected by drought and the threat of famine in Africa, from the Horn of Africa to the west coast of the continent. A World Bank report says more than 200 million people are likely to migrate over the next three decades due to extreme weather or the slow degradation of their environments.

Food waste… led by adults In a world where more than 800 million people suffer from hunger and malnutrition, food waste continues to increase year on year, as according to the Food and Agriculture Organization’s 2022 report, global food waste in primary form is estimated at about 1.6 billion tons, while total waste amounts to about 1.6 billion tons of food suitable for human consumption, of which about 1.3 billion, and the value of wasted food is estimated at 230 billion dollars. The amount of water needed to grow food each year, which is lost or wasted, is about (250 km3). During the year 2022, several countries were on the throne of food waste, including: China, India, United States, Germany, France and United Kingdom.

Floods… a multiple crisis

Asia is the continent most exposed to flood hazards caused by rainfall; During the summer months, Bangladesh and the northeastern states of India witnessed back-to-back disasters from rain and thunderstorms, prompting the authorities of the two countries to make a major effort to reach the 9.5 million people who were trapped by water and cut off from communication. . The rains also caused floods and landslides in southern China, in the provinces of Shaanxi, Sichuan and Gansu. As for Pakistan, it has faced the worst humanitarian, economic and urban disaster due to the monsoon rains.

…and the crisis has another face

“Policeman 27” .. International support

Before the international conference, the United Nations announced that it would set aside 3.1 billion euros for the construction of an early warning system for climate disasters for everyone in the world. During COP 27, a new “loss and damage” fund was agreed to help countries most vulnerable to the climate crisis, especially developing countries, which often contribute least to causing it, to save and rebuild their infrastructure after climate change changes.

Big comeback

The list of endangered species continued to grow at an alarming rate, but rates bounced back from the brink in 2022, proving that extinction is not inevitable. Success stories include the return of 50 species of birds and animals such as beavers, pelicans and rhinos thanks to increased legal protection, reintegration programs and wildlife activists.

Contract on plastics.. the most important agreements

In March, the United Nations Environment Assembly adopted a landmark resolution to end plastic pollution and launch negotiations on a legally binding global agreement on plastics, with the goal of reaching an agreement by 2024 or 2025. The resolution addresses the entire life cycle of plastic, including its production, design and taking care of. The Global Plastics Agreement is considered one of the most important environmental agreements in history.

Environment .. and human rights

On July 28, 2022, the United Nations General Assembly declared that every person on this planet has the right to a healthy environment. The General Assembly said climate change and environmental degradation are among the most pressing threats to humanity’s future and called on countries to intensify efforts to ensure their peoples have access to a “clean, healthy and sustainable environment”. The decision is not binding, but encourages states to implement laws to protect people and the environment. It also paves the way for climate and environmental litigation by people and organizations around the world against policies and projects that destroy the environment.

America..and the climate budget

After a decade of political deadlock, the United States, the world’s second largest climate polluter, has enacted the most ambitious and far-reaching climate legislation in the country’s history. The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 allocated a historic $369 billion for climate and clean energy investments. The law is expected to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions to about 40% below 2005 levels by 2030. The law will save families money on energy and create more than 9 million new jobs. The future of clean energy.

Renewable energy… Hope continues

Only the annual growth of wind and solar energy helped prevent a 4% increase in toxic gas emissions. Solar energy accounted for 12.2% of electricity generated in the European Union this summer – the largest share recorded for the group of 27 countries. According to IEA projections, long-term policy changes by countries including the United States, Japan and India will help boost global investment in clean energy by more than 50% between 2022 and 2030, with plans to get half of the European Union’s energy from renewable sources by 2030

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